Reconstructive surgery encompasses any procedure which restores a damaged or abnormal part of the anatomy to its prior state or to as normal as possible. This type of surgery is primarily the domain of a plastic surgeon. Through the years, the field of reconstructive surgery has added to our knowledge of anatomy, tissue types and how they interact with one another. In fact, it is this experience with reconstructive surgery that has allowed the specialty of cosmetic surgery to develop. Dr Kairinos is passionate about the field of reconstructive surgery and this forms about 70% of his workload. Procedures can be as minor as removing a mole to large microsurgical tissue transfer operations for reconstruction following cancer surgery or trauma.

Dr Kairinos has a particular interest in complex, chronic wounds which typically have been present for many months and have failed to heal with numerous prior treatment methodologies. He has successfully treated wounds which have been present for longer than one year and these wounds have remained closed to date. He believes a holistic multidisciplinary approach is necessary in these patients and that attention to detail is the key to a successful outcome. All minor procedures, which can be done under local anaesthesia, are undertaken in his Century City rooms. Larger procedures are carried out the Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital, where his other rooms are. He also covers the trauma calls at this hospital as well as Cape Town Mediclinic, Rondebosch Medical Centre, Milnerton Mediclinic, Netcare Blaauwberg and N1 City Hospital. These emergency cases are operated on at these hospitals. Having theatre access in hospitals belonging to the main hospital groups simplifies the process for many patients whose medical aids allow for surgery at only one particular group.