Many people are not aware that both orthopaedic surgeons and plastic surgeons are trained in the field of hand surgery, which is a specialty in its own right. The anatomy of the hand is complex and the interplay between the various structures is extremely delicate. Operations on a hand should therefore only be undertaken by a surgeon who frequently operates on hands. Dr Kairinos has a keen interest in hand surgery and continues his ties with the Martin Singer Hand Unit at the Groote Schuur Academic Hospital. He has conducted research in this specialty and continues to do so in his capacity as a sessional hand surgery consultant. In his private practice, Dr Kairinos covers hand emergencies at the busy casualty departments of the Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital, Cape Town Mediclinic, Rondebosch Medical Centre, Milnerton Mediclinic, Netcare Blaauwberg and N1 City Hospital. Injuries commonly dealt with include tendon and nerve injuries, skin defects, finger tip injuries and hand fractures. Examples of common non-emergency hand conditions operated on include carpal tunnel syndrome, De Quervain's disease, Dupuytren's disease, malignancy and cosmetic hand surgery (fillers and micro-fat grafting).

Awards presented to Dr Kairinos by the South African Society of Surgery of the Hand: